In school-based vocational education ("Schulische Ausbildung") you do not earn money. For some of the private schools, you even have to pay tuition fees. Exception: If you opt for vocational education in the health/care sector, as training hours are long in hospitals and nursing homes, you will receive a salary. In health care and the nursing profession, for instance, your gross earnings start from € 1,091 during the first year of training and reache € 1.152 in the second year and € 1.253 in the final year.
Under certain conditions, you can get student allowance ("Schüler-BAföG") during your school-based vocational education. BAföG ("Bundesausbildungsförderungsgesetz") is a state-sponsored financial aid programme for school children and university students. The amount of support is calculated on a case-to-case basis but the maximum monthly amount is 590 euros. Unlike BAföG for students, you usually do not have to pay back what you have received as BaföG.
In order to receive BAföG, you must meet the following requirements:
- You must be under the age of 30 at the beginning of your school-based vocational education. Exception: There is no age restriction for recognized refugees and asylum seekers. That means they can also apply for BAföG with over 30 years of age.
- The training programme must take at least 2 years to accomplish.
- You may not have already completed a school-based vocational education programme which is recognised in Germany.
However, non-German citizens are only supported, if:
- they are EU citizens with the right to permanent residence according to the European "Freedom of Movement" Act.
- they have a settlement (or permanent residence) permit.
- they are recognised as refugees or asylum seekers.
- they are tolerated, hold a so-called "Duldung" and have been legally residing in Germany for at least 4 years.
- they have been in Germany for at least 5 years and were gainfully employed during this time.
- at least one of their parents has been in Germany for a total of at least three years during the last six years while being engaged in a gainful employment.
To find out which authority is responsible for your BAföG application, you can call the BAföG hotline at 0800-223 63 41. You can also visit this web page of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research to find out more about the responsible authority and necessary documents for the application.
Attention: Asylum seekers are not entitled to receive BAföG. During the first 15 months of their stay in Germany, Asylum seekers who start school-based vocational education receive benefits under the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act.
In principle, you cannot receive unemployment benefit II (ALG II) during school-based vocational education (Exception: If you are participating in a school-based vocational education programme which will end with a general school-leaving qualification such as a Fachabitur or Abitur, you can apply for ALG II at Jobcentre). But you can apply for the housing allowance or "Wohngeld", which is a financial aid to help you pay for your rent. The prerequisite for receiving housing allowance is being of legal age and living independently from your parents. To find the relevant authorities, search the Internet using the word "Wohngeld" and the name of your city as keywords.
During the training programme, you can work in another job for up to ten hours a week. But you have to communicate and coordinate the matter with your boss beforehand.