Daueraufenthalt (Permanent Residence)

EU permanent residence is possible for non-EU immigrants after five years of legal residence in a member state of the European Union. This title allows immigrants to remain in an EU state indefinitely or migrate to another member state

Dublin-Verfahren (Dublin Procedure)

The Dublin Procedure is part of European Union law. The Dublin III Regulation defines which EU member state handles an asylum application filed within the EU. The state first entered by the applicant must carry out the asylum procedure, pursuant to one of the regulation's provisions and subject to certain, humanitarian-based exceptions. Only minors have the right to movement as a means of being reconnected with family elsewhere.

Duldung (temporary suspension of deportation status)

Suspension of deportation temporarily suspends a deportation order, meaning the application has been rejected, and the applicant will not receive a residence permit, but s/he will not be immediately deported. This could be for various reasons: The applicant is severely ill and unable to travel, has no passport that would allow return, or the situation in the homeland does not permit return. The immigrant may remain in Germany as long as the stay of deportation is valid.

The immigrant receives a temporary suspension of deportation status document as a means of identification. This is not a residence title, but only certifies that the immigrant is not liable to prosecution for staying in Germany, even though s/he is otherwise obliged to leave. A residence permit is possible if the temporary suspension of deportation status remains in effect for a period of years, due to humanitarian considerations.