After registration, the asylum procedure can begin, and the first step in the asylum procedure is submitting the asylum application. You can apply for asylum at the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). You will be provided with an appointment either during registration or later per post.
An interpreter will also attend this appointment. You will be asked about your country of origin, your city, your family, your school or profession, your religion and the route you took to reach Germany. If you have any documents from your home country, you can show them to the interviewer. In principle, the BAMF will keep these documents until the end of your asylum procedure. At this stage, you do not need to explain the reasons for your flight- you will be asked about it later at the hearing. You will be photographed, and your fingerprints will be recorded while applying for asylum. The BAMF employee will also inform you about your rights and obligations during the asylum procedure. If there is something you do not understand, feel free to ask.
You are entitled to ask for a male or female interviewer for the hearing, but you need to communicate your preference when applying for asylum. You can also let them know what language your interpreter must speak during the hearing and whether you prefer them to be male or female.
After this process, you will be issued a so-called "Aufenthaltsgestattung", which is, in fact, a temporary residence permit. This document looks almost like the proof of arrival ("Ankunftsnachweis") which you have been issued after registration. This temporary residence permit shows all the relevant authorities that you may stay in Germany as your asylum application is ongoing. You need to always carry your "Aufenthaltsgestattung" with you since, at this stage, it is regarded as your ID card.
Please note: If you are in a hospital or prison or in case you are still a minor and alone in Germany, you can also apply for asylum in writing. It's best to seek advice from a social worker or a counselling centre in advance. The best is to seek help from social workers at your accommodation centre or find a counselling centre on the website of Pro Asyl.
Even if you plan to submit your asylum application personally, it often makes sense to seek help from a counselling centre in advance. You can find a counselling centre on the website of Pro Asyl.