Residence Permit: As the initial requirement, your entitlement to asylum or refugee protection (according to Geneva Convention) must have been recognized in Germany- which means you should have a legal residence permit. Individuals who are entitled to subsidiary protection can also apply for family reunification.
Income: If you apply for family reunification within three months from the granting of your residence status, your family members would be able to join you under easier conditions ("privileged family reunification"). That means that you do not have to prove that you are making enough money to feed your family or that your home is big enough to accommodate them. In the case of privileged family reunification, your income will not be checked.
If the privileged family reunion does not apply to you, your family can only come to Germany if you can secure their livelihood, i.e. if you have enough money and an apartment in Germany. Your income must be enough for you and your family members- that's why your income will be checked before permitting the family reunification. Besides, having health insurance is necessary for you and your family members. One can apply for a family insurance that covers all family members.
Proof of Relationship:
1. To bring your wife or husband to Germany:
- you must have already been married in the country from which you've fled (The conditions for this may vary from one country to other. Plus, Germany must recognise your marriage certificate, which may be particularly complicated in the case of countries such as Afghanistan with its so-called "uncertain documents" ("unsicheren Urkundenwesen"), where there may be uncertainties about whether the marriage certificate is genuine),
- your husband or wife should have been at least 18 years old at the time of registering the marriage.
2. As a minor who is single, your parents or another adult who holds your custody can join you in Germany. This law applies to you, if:
- your guardian have had your custody since you were living in your own country or the country you've fled,
- the person in question holds the right of care, meaning they are responsible for caring for you until you reach the legal age of 18.
Language Skills: Your family members do not need to have German language skills to join you in Germany.