If you have an “Aufenthaltsgestattung”, i.e. a proof of arrival ("Ankunftsnachweis") or a "Duldung", your access to the labour market will remain limited. Self-employment is, in principle, not allowed and to work as an employee, you must first apply for a work permit at your immigration office ("Ausländerbehörde"). The immigration office will accept your application only if the relevant employment agency agrees.
Your work permit will be only valid for a specific job. Your future boss will need to fill a form to describe the offered position, and you need to apply for a work permit. Once both forms have been filled in and submitted, the immigration office is obliged to react within two weeks. If you have not received an answer, contact a counselling centre or lawyer. You can also submit an emergency application to the Administrative Court. Here you can find counselling centres in your area.
In principle, you cannot apply for a work permit if:
- you have been in Germany for less than three months.
- you still have to live in an initial reception centre.
- you come from a safe country of origin (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Senegal and Ghana) and have applied for asylum after 31.08.2015.
- you have the status of tolerated residence ("Duldung") and are personally responsible for preventing your deportation.