The most common way of training for your future profession in Germany is by taking up a dual vocational training program. These programs combine theoretical and practical knowledge. They offer plenty of opportunity for on-the-job training and work experience. Programs usually last between two and three and a half years. You will spend one or two days a week, or several weeks at once, at a vocational school (“Berufsschule”) where you will acquire the theoretical knowledge that you will need in your future occupation. The rest of the time will be spent at a company. There you can apply your newly acquired knowledge in practice, for example by learning to operate machinery. You will also get to know what your company does, learn how it operates and find out if you can see yourself working there after completing your training.
One reason why dual vocational training is so popular with young people in Germany is the very good employment prospects. There are good chances to find a job after completing a dual vocational training. Further information on the requirements for starting vocational training in Germany is available here. You can watch a video on dual vocational training on the website of the Agentur für Arbeit.