Individuals who are entitled to asylum or refugee protection are the ones who would face a serious human rights violation should they return to their country of origin.
What does that exactly mean?
If you were discriminated against, abused, or threatened in your homeland for reasons of
- political opinion, or
- membership of a particular social group
then you can receive asylum or refugee protection. The prerequisite is that the state or international organizations are unable to guarantee your protection in your homeland. Furthermore, you are as a generally rule not allowed to have arrived via safe third countries.
There is also the possibility that you will receive subsidiary protection in Germany. You are entitled to this if you are in serious danger of serious damage in your home country. Serious damage is considered as
- a pending death penalty
- inhuman and degrading punishment, or
- a threat to life resulting from an international or domestic armed conflict
Beneficiaries of subsidiary protection also receive securities such as social security benefits and a residence permit in Germany. The residence title is initially limited to one year, but will be extended if you continue to face serious damage in your home country.
In the asylum procedure, a deportation ban based on the country of origin can also be determined, as long as there is a risk of deportation for life, limb and freedom, for instance if you are seriously ill. You are then granted a residence permit for one year, but have fewer rights than recognized refugees.