Blue Passport

What is a "Blue Pass"?

The Refugee Travel Document is a substitute for the passport of the state from which you have fled, that is where you previously had your legal residence. In Article 28 of the Geneva Convention on Refugees, all signatory States are obliged to issue a travel document for the recognised refugees. That is why such travel document is called the Convention Pass. In Germany, many call it Blue Pass („Blauer Pass”) because of its colour, but it is not blue in all the countries who joined the convention. The blue passport should not be mixed up with the EU "Blue Card" or the dark blue diplomatic passport. In fact, you will receive the Blue Pass if the BAMF has recognised your right to asylum or refugee status.

If you do not hold a passport issued by your home country and you are entitled to subsidiary protection or a national deportation ban applies to you, then you must ask for a passport at your home country's embassy. If the embassy does not issue you a pass, you can apply for a Travel Permit for Foreigners („Reiseausweis für Ausländer“) at the Migration office („Ausländerbehörde”).

As a foreigner, refugee or stateless individual, In general, your travel document remains valid as long as your residence permit is.

Traveling with the Blue Passport

Who is entitled to Fugitives' Passport?

Which countries can I travel to with my Blue Pass?

Which countries can I travel to visa-free?

Where and how can I get a Blue Pass?

How long is my Blue Pass valid?

I have lost my passport

I have changed my place of residence

Who is entitled to a "Grey Pass"?

Is the Blue Pass the same as EU Blue Card?


After your right to Asylum or refugee status has been recognized by BAMF, you would receive a "Blue Pass". After that, you are not permitted to obtain a passport from your country's embassy or travel to your homeland; otherwise, you would lose your protection rights and status in Germany.