Political Parties

What are the main political parties in Germany?

Germany has a federal, multi-party, parliamentary political system in which the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and Christian Democratic Party (CDU) have been dominant in the last five decades. The federal and state government in Germany usually consist of a coalition in which the parties which have won the majority of votes negotiate power put their policies into practice.

In the German Parliament (“Bundestag”), elected representatives from different parties choose a chancellor. He or she is the main holder of executive power in the country and in charge of forming a government. Every German party promotes particular sets of ideas, priorities and values, and comes from a particular historical background. In Germany, parties are often referred to by specific colours.

Major political parties in Germany



The Green Party


The Left Party



All parties in Germany have to respect the Constitution (“Grundgesetz”) in their principles, agendas and actions. If a party is deemed to be a danger to the liberal democratic order by the Federal Constitutional Court (“Bundesverfassungsgericht”), it can be prohibited.