You can receive a parental allowance, if:
- You live with your child in Germany,
- you have the custody of your child,
- you do not work or work less than 30 hours per week, and
- you have a residence permit (including a work permit) or German citizenship or the citizenship of an EU country (including Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway, Switzerland).
Important: If you have a residence permit due to the "hardship regulation" ("Härtenfallreglung") or a national ban on deportation ("Abschiebungsverbot"), you can apply for parental allowance only after three years of residence in Germany.
Work is not a requirement for entitlement to parental allowance. Employees, self-employed individuals, civil servants, unemployed persons, students, those under vocational training, housewives and house-husbands can apply for a parental allowance. But people with higher incomes are not entitled to a parental allowance. That means if you, as a parent, earn more than 250,000 € (or both parents, more than 500,000 €) per year, you are not entitled to a parental allowance.
The parental allowance pertains your biological children and the biological children of your partner and your foster- and adopted children. In exceptional cases, you can also receive a parental allowance for your grandchildren or nieces and nephews. But such is only possible if the child's parents are not capable of taking care of the child.