1. If you have already applied for a residence permit according to Section 24 of the Residence Act (or want to do so), you are entitled to financial support from the state. You can get this support via the so-called “Asylum Seeker Benefits Act” (“„Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz”). This includes accommodation and money for food, clothing, etc. You will also receive a small amount of pocket money. If you move into your own apartment, you can also get additional financial support for furnishing the apartment.
Please note: From June 1, 2022, refugees from Ukraine with a residence permit according to Section 24 of the Residence Act will receive assistance from the state on the basis of the Social Code II and XII (SGB). And no longer via the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act. They will then get a little more money. And a normal health insurance. As a refugee from Ukraine, you will also receive more help for integration into the labor market. The prerequisite is that you already have a “Fiktionsbescheinigung” or a residence permit. The jobcenters are then responsible for people who can work. The Social Welfare Office remains responsible for people within the age range of retirement. You can learn more in section “How can I register at the Jobcenter?”.
Important: Even if you do not currently have a residence permit according to Section 24 of the Residence Act and are not yet registered, the Federal Ministry of the Interior states that the following applies: If you need help from the state (accommodation, food, medical care), you are already entitled to it.
2. If you apply for asylum, you will be accommodated in an initial reception center and provided with the essentials there. You will also receive a small amount of pocket money. However, an application for asylum is currently not recommended. See the "Stay/Residence" section for more information.
3. Persons who are currently staying in Germany without a visa and who cannot obtain a residence permit can, according to Section 24, receive so-called “bridging benefits” (“Überbrückungsleistungen”) according to Section 23 (3) SGB XII for the first three months of their stay. The prerequisite for this is that you do not have any money of your own. You can get money for food, clothing, shelter, emergency medical care. If you are pregnant or have young children, you will receive additional support. After the first three months, you can, under certain conditions, receive financial support for living expenses, in the event of illness, pregnancy and maternity as well as help with care according to Section 23 Para. 1 SGB XII.
The Federal Foundation for Mother and Child (Bundesstiftung Mutter und Kind) also provides financial support for pregnant women in need. To get help, you must submit an application to the local pregnancy counseling centre. You can find more information in Ukrainian on the flyer published by the Ministry of Family Affairs.
The following applies to everyone: You must apply for this assistance from the social welfare office (“Sozialamt”) responsible for you. The social welfare office responsible for you is the social welfare office at the place where you are staying. On sozialaemter.com you will find a list of all social welfare offices in the respective federal states.
Please note: You are entitled to the necessities (accommodation, food, medical care). If you have problems with the authorities, you can contact an advice center (“Beratungsstelle”). The staff there will help you free of charge. See the “Further Assistance” section for more information.