School-based Vocational training

What types of vocational education and training are there?

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If you want to find a job in Germany, a good alternative to studying at university is taking part in a vocational training programme. These training programmes usually last between one and three-and-a-half years.  They are either school-based and take place solely in a classroom (“schulische Ausbildung”) or combine classes with practical training in an establishment or company (“Duale Ausbildung”). This chapter provides you with detailed information and useful links on school-based vocational training. To find out more about dual vocational training programmes, check our chapter “Dual Vocational Training”.

Upon completion of a vocational training programme, you become a skilled worker (“qualifizeierte Fachkraft”). Skilled worker are in demand in Germany and earn more money for their work compared to unskilled workers. So, completing a vocational training programme may constitute an important step towards building a career in Germany.

What do I need to know?

What is a school-based vocational training programmes?

Do I qualify for vocational training in Germany?

What type of residence status do I need for school-based vocational training?

Vocational training as an opportunity for obtaining an "Ausbildungsduldung"

How can I find a trainee position?

How and when can I apply?

How can I make a living during my school-based vocational training?

Which type of vocational training suits me?

What comes after accomplishing the vocational training?


Vocational training is worthwhile. Not only it gives you the chance of a well-paid job, but also the opportunity to obtain permanent residence in Germany.