There are vocational training programmes which take place only in the classroom. This particularly include health- and care-related jobs as well as jobs dealing with design, sales or technical areas. In a school-based vocational training programme, you study at a vocational college or trade school and acquire hands-on training and put the knowledge you have acquired into practice in the form of long internships in companies or social work organisations. The school-based vocational training programmes usually take between one to three years to accomplish. You are free to choose between state-funded and private schools, but keep in mind that you often have to pay tuition fees in the latter.
School-based Vocational training
What types of vocational education and training are there?
If you want to find a job in Germany, a good alternative to studying at university is taking part in a vocational training programme. These training programmes usually last between one and three-and-a-half years. They are either school-based and take place solely in a classroom (“schulische Ausbildung”) or combine classes with practical training in an establishment or company (“Duale Ausbildung”). This chapter provides you with detailed information and useful links on school-based vocational training. To find out more about dual vocational training programmes, check our chapter “Dual Vocational Training”.
Upon completion of a vocational training programme, you become a skilled worker (“qualifizeierte Fachkraft”). Skilled worker are in demand in Germany and earn more money for their work compared to unskilled workers. So, completing a vocational training programme may constitute an important step towards building a career in Germany.
What do I need to know?
What is a school-based vocational training programmes?
Do I qualify for vocational training in Germany?
What type of residence status do I need for school-based vocational training?
Vocational training as an opportunity for obtaining an "Ausbildungsduldung"
How can I find a trainee position?
How and when can I apply?
How can I make a living during my school-based vocational training?
Which type of vocational training suits me?
What comes after accomplishing the vocational training?
Vocational training is worthwhile. Not only it gives you the chance of a well-paid job, but also the opportunity to obtain permanent residence in Germany.