School-based Vocational training

What types of vocational education and training are there?

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If you want to find a job in Germany, a good alternative to studying at university is taking part in a vocational training programme. These training programmes usually last between one and three-and-a-half years.  They are either school-based and take place solely in a classroom (“schulische Ausbildung”) or combine classes with practical training in an establishment or company (“Duale Ausbildung”). This chapter provides you with detailed information and useful links on school-based vocational training. To find out more about dual vocational training programmes, check our chapter “Dual Vocational Training”.

Upon completion of a vocational training programme, you become a skilled employee (“qualifizeierte Fachkraft”). Skilled employees are in demand in Germany and earn more money for their work compared to unskilled workers. So, completing a vocational training programme may constitute an important step towards building a career in Germany.

What do I need to know?

School-based vocational training programmes

Do I qualify for vocational training in Germany?

What type of residence status do I need for school-based vocational training?

Vocational training as an opportunity for obtaining an "Ausbildungsduldung"

How can I find a trainee position?

How and when can I apply?

How can I make a living during my school-based vocational training?

Which type of vocational training suits me?

What comes after accomplishing the vocational training?


Here is an explanatory video on the benefits of vocational training (in English, Arabic, German and Farsi). The same information is offered by in English, Spanish, French and German.