Vocational training

What types of vocational education and training are there?

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If you want to find a job in Germany, a good alternative to studying at university is taking part in a vocational training programme. There are approximately 350 different jobs you can qualify for with vocational training. These training programmes usually last between one and three-and-a-half years.  They are either school-based and take place solely in a classroom (“schulische Ausbildung”) or combine classes with practical training in an establishment or company (“Duale Ausbildung”). The German vocational training system is not limited to skilled trades such as carpentry or plumbing.

Upon completion of a vocational training programme, you become a skilled employee (“qualifizeierte Fachkraft”). Skilled employees are in demand in Germany. So, completing a vocational training programme may constitute an important step towards building a career in Germany.

The German vocational education and training system

Dual and school-based vocational training programmes

Do I qualify for vocational training in Germany?

What residence status do I need for vocational training?

Vocational training as an opportunity for obtaining "Duldung"/residence permit

How can I find a training position?

How and when can I apply?

How can I make a living during a dual vocational training?

How can I make a living during my school-based vocational training?

Which type of vocational training suits me?

What comes after accomplishing the vocational training?


In this video, the benefits of vocational training are explained (English, Arabic, German and Farsi). The same information is offered by http://www.make-it-in-germany.com/ in English, Spanish, French and German.