Permanent Residence Permit for Refugees

Can I stay in Germany permanently?

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If you came to Germany as a refugee and have been issued a residence permit for political or humanitarian reasons, upon fulfilment of certain pre-conditions, you can apply for a permanent residence permit (“Niederlassungerlaubnis”) after 3 or 5 years.

A permanent residence permit allows you to reside in Germany, without having to extend your residence permit regularly. With a permanent residence permit, you may also choose to live anywhere within Germany, as residence restrictions will no longer apply.

In addition to the German permanent residence permit, there is also a EU permanent residence permit. With an EU permanent residence permit, you have the possibility of obtaining additional residence permits from other EU-countries. You can learn more in our chapter " EU permanent residence permit ".

If you are not a refugee/asylum seeker, you can find out more about your right to a permanent residence permit in our chapter "Permanent Residence Permit".

What requirements do I have to meet?

I am a recognized refugee or person entitled to asylum

I am entitled to subsidiary protection

I have been issued a ban on deportation

I have a tolerated stay permit (“Duldung”)

What else do I need to know?

Where and how can I apply for a permanent residence permit?

Could I lose my permanent residence permit?

Where can I find advice and support?


Refugees are NOT allowed to travel to their home country even with a permanent residence permit. If you do so, you may lose your status and your residence permit.